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01 Mudiraja / Muthuraja Brides & Grooms
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98. Mudiraj Caste variants in India
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99. Mudiraja Kings and Inter - Dynasty Royal marriages
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MUDIRAJA / MUTHURAJA BRIDES & GROOMS:
Brief Details Bridegroom No 01
Name : YUVARAJAN
Religion : Hindu
Caste : Muthuraja Naidu
Qualification : B.Com., MBA
Company Name :
M/s. Precision Infotech (M) Private Limited
No.22, First Floor, Habibullah Road
T. Nagar, Chennai – 600 017
Nature of Company : Software
Designation : Assistant Manager – Finance
Monthly Salary : Rs. 23,000/-
Permanent Address :
32/23, Anna Colony
South Mada Street
Chennai – 600 019.
Telephone No. : 9941350492 / 9790925024
Father name : R. Srinivasan (Retd Businessmen)
Mother Name : S. Thulasi (Housewife)
Elder Sister : D. Shanthi (Married)
Elder Brothers :
1) S. Baskar M.Com (Married)
2) S. Udhayakumar B.Com (Married)
1) Janaki Baskar (M.Sc., M.Phil)
2) Indumathi Udhayakumar (B.Sc)
Brief Details Bridegroom No 02
Name : S.Karthikeyan Bose
Religion : Hindu
Caste : Muthuraja ( Mutharaiyar )
Mother Language : Tamil
Age : 29
Height : 5 feet 9 inches
Color : Medium fair
Qualification : B.E. (ECE)
Working as : Net work Engineer
Working in : USA
Permanent Address :
3/43.B, New Reddy Street
Telephone No. : 0431-2412649
Email ID : firstname.lastname@example.org
Family Details :
Father name : T.L.Subash Chandira Bose
Rtd .Sugar Mills consultant.
Mother Name : S. Chandra (Housewife)
Elder Sister (Married) : Anitha Kumar M.S. (comp)
Brother-in-law : Dr. MajorKumar
MUDIRAJA CASTE VARIANTS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF INDIA:
Andhra Pradesh - Mudiraj, Mudiraju, Mutharacha, Muthracha, Mutharasu, Muthrasu, Muthrasollu, Mutharasi, Muthrasi, Bants, Bantu, Bantlu, Ekkatlu, Ontari, Tenugu, Tenugollu.
Some sections of Boya, Valmiki, Gangaputra, Agnikula Kshatriya castes consider themselves as part of Mudiraj community in some regions of Andhra Pradesh. Dora Biddu / Dora Bidda means sons of sardars. Boya consider themselves as sons of sardars and descendents of Valmiki.
The community titles being used by Mudiraj people in Andhra Pradesh state are - Naidu , Rao ,Raju , Raj , Mudiraj , Mudiraju , Mudhiraj , Mudhiraju .
Tamilnadu - Muthuraj , Muthuraja , Muthuracha , Mutharayar , Mutharaiyar , Mutharayan , Mutharaiyan , Muttiriyar , Muthiriyar , Mudaliyar , Mudhaliyar , Mahadev Koli .
The following are some of the subcastes of Muthuraja in Tamilnadu state are - Ambalakaran , Servai , Servaikkaran , Valaiyar , Valayar , Kannappa Kula , Valaiyar , Bharatava Valaiyar (Paratava Valayar) , Palayakara , Palayakkaran , Palayakkarar , Kavalgar , Talaiyari , Vazhuvadiyar , Poosari , Muthuraj , Muthiriya Moopar (Shanan) , Muthiriya , Moopanar (Parkava Kulam) , Muthiriya Naidu (Gavara) , Muthiriya Naicker , Naidu , Palayakara Naicker , Muthuraja Naidu, Vanniyarkula Muthuraj, Muthiriya Urali Gounder, Muthiriya Rao, Vettuva , Arayar , Araiyar , Ambalam , Pillai , Vettuva Goundan , Vettuva Gounder , Vettuva Pulayar, pulayavettuva , Vedan , Vetan , Vetar .
Community titles being used by people of Muthuraja in Tamilnadu state are - Muthuraja , Muthuraya , Muthurayar , Mutharaya , Mutharayar , Muthrayar , Mutharaiyar , Muthurayan , Mutharayan , Muthrayan , Muthurajan , Muthurasa , Muthurasar , Muthuracha .
Karnataka - Mudiraj , Muthuraj , Mudduraju , Mudduraja , Muddhuraju , Muddhuraja , Muddhuraj , Koli Mudiraj , Koli Mahadev , Koli (Kabbaliga) , Mutharasi , Bunt , Bedars , Berads , Nayak , Talwar , Nayavadi , Naykar , Valmiki , Palegar .
Kerala - Arya , Arayar , Araiyar , Ariyar , Valayar , Valaiyar , Urali Gounder , Vettuva Goundan , Vettuva Gounder , Vettuva Pulayar, pulayavettuva , Vedan , Vetan , Vetar .
Maharastra - Mudiraj , Koli Mudiraj , Koli Mahadev , Koli Mahadeo , Koli , Sonkoli , Malahar Koli , Mangela Koli , Nayak , Bhills , Bedar-Ramoshi , Koli-Ramoshi .
Gujarat - Patels , Kolis , Koli Patels , Mandhata patels .
Madhya Pradesh -bhills , kolis , Valmikis , Bedars .
Himachal Pradesh - Kolis
Pakistan - Kachi Koli , Kachi Bhil , Zalavaria Koli , Kkuchi , Kachi , Katchi , Kkoli , Kkohli , Kkolhi , Kori .
Telugu Tamil kannada bride brides groom grooms seeking matrimonial alliance can send their details for free publication in this website. Marriages are made in heaven but they need to be united on the earth.
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MUDIRAJA KINGS AND INTER-DYNASTY ROYAL MARRIAGES IN MEDIEVAL INDIA :
01. Pallava Aparajita was the grandson of Ganga Muttarasa kings from their daughter Vijaya, who married Pallava Kampavarman :
The Pallava copper plate found at the Village Velanjeri near Thiruttani, on 6-10-1977 mentions the gift of taxes to the Subrahmanya temple on the top of Thiruttani hill by the Pallava ruler Aparajitavarman who is portrayed as a great devotee of Lord Subrahmanya. For the first time, the history of the famous Subhramanya temple of Thiruttani is taken to a very remote antiquity.
The present copper plates shows that the Subrahmanya temple was in existence even earlier than 900 A.D. The Pallava copper plate is also important from another angle. Hitherto the place of Aparajita Pallava in the Pallava line was not known. For the past hundred years Scholars have been trying to assess his position and his relationship with other Pallava rulers and contemporaries. Aparajita was considered the son of Nandivarman and a step-brother of Kampavarman and so on. All the surmises of scholars are proved wrong by the present discovery. The present Velanjeri copper plate mentions that Aparajita was the son of Pallava ruler Kampavarman through a Ganga Princess whose name is given as Vijaya.
The copper plate also details the relationship between Kampavarman and Nrpatunga and also the battles won by Aparajita which are of vital interest to the history of the latter Pallavas. The present copper plate throws very valuable light and removes many confusions that have been prevalent with reference to the history of later Pallavas. This passage further shows that Kampavarman and his son Aparajita had the able support of the Ganga chieftains.
Another point of great interest furnished by this plates is the conquests of Aparajita. Aparajita conquered the Bana king of bana muttarasar lineage and captured Karanai the city of the Pandya and defeated the Chola at Chirrarrur. Bana Muttarasar was a feudatory of Pandya kings.
The Pallava Borther's Kampavarman and Nrpatunga were in fight with each other :
The fight between the Pallava brothers, Kampavarman and Nrpatunga, needs explanation. It is obvious that Nrpatunga was installed on the throne by his father Nandi III. According to the Bahur plates issued by Nrpatunga in his eighth regnal year and the Chirrur copper plate of the same ruler, it becomes clear that Kampavarman, father of Aparajita, should have been elder to Nrpatunga. While Kampavarman the elder was alive, the younger, Nrpatunga, though a boy, ascended the throne. This obviously led to enmity between the brothers. Nrpatunga should have been chosen by Nandi II in preference to Kampa, probably because of Rashtrakuta influence. Nrpatunga's mother, Sankha was a Rashtrakuta princess. Probably during his last years, Nandi installed Nrpatunga. Kampavarman, immediately after the demise of his father, should have struck the blow and dislodged his brother. Though Kampa removed his brother from the throne, he treated him with considerable moderation and even allowed him to issue charters. He also installed his son Aparajita very early as his co-regent, as Aparajita was known for his valour.
The Bana Muttarasars were clearly on the side of Pallava Narpatunga. Bana Paranjaya, who had the title Kadupatti Muttariyan, requested Nrpatunga to grant the Chirrur plates. Aparajita defeated a Bana ruler who was in all probability this Paranjaya, kadupatti Muttaraiya.
One section of the Palli or Pallava tribe, called the Muttarasar (Telugu Mutracha) ruled in the Chola country, first as feudatories of the Pallava and then of the Pandya kings during the eigth century A.D. It was during this period that Naladyar was composed under the auspices of the Muttarasa governors. They are still to be found in the North Arcot district under the name of Talaiyaris, and many poligars of Chittoor and other minor rulers are of this class. Of such tributeris were the kings of Tanjore, who ruled in 8th Century with Vallam, near Tanjore as their capital. These kings seems to be the followers of Jainism in those days.
Madhava Muttarasar was the son of Sripurusha Muttarasa. Sripurusha Muttarasa was a king of Western Ganga lineage (Besta or Gangaputras) and Videlvidugu Kadupatti Muttarasar was a Bana king who assumed the title of Muttarasa. This Bana king of Balikula could be an ancestor of the present day Balijas. The Balija concentration is very high in Tirupati region of Andhra Pradesh, Northern Tamilnadu, and Eastern Karnataka. These Balijas of today seems to be once part of Mudiraju Bantu sections. Some balijas claim shetty as their subsect. Shettys are originally Tulu speaking bunts of Tulunadu. Tulu and Telugu are very closely related languages and they could have developed into two separate languages from the ancient Telugu-Tulu mix language of Kishkinda vanaras.
02. Pandya Varuguna was the grandson of Bana Muttarasar from his daughter's side who married a Pandya Prince.
A Pandya, said to have been a grandson of the Bana through a daughter, was also defeated by Aparajita. Pandya Varaguna received help from Nrpatunga. It is not known who the mother of Varaguna was. If Varaguna was the adversary of Aparajita, in all probability he was, we get here the information that he was the son of this Bana's daughter. This Bana also had the title Kadupatti Muttarasar. So the fact that the Muttarasar were closely related to Pandya Varaguna is also thus attested. That may also attest to the presence of Varaguna at Sendalai. The third adversary of Aprajita was a Chola defeated at Chirrarrur. In all probability the Chola adversary was Aditya. We know that subsquently Aditya killed Aparajita in the battle. This shows that Varaguna Pandya, Aditya Chola, Bana and Muttarasa were on the side of Nrpatunga Pallava while Aparajita and Kampa, were aided by the Ganga Muutarasa ruler Prithivipati on the other. It was mentioned earlier that Aparajita's mother was a Ganga princess. That Aparajita was aided in the Sripurambiyam battle by Ganga Prithivipati is well known Prithvipati obtained victory for his over lord Aparajita, but lost his life in that battle.
03. Insciptional evidence on the matrimonial relationships between the Mutherayar chieftains and Pandya rulers of Madurai
The Hindu News : Tuesday, Oct 06, 2009
KARUR: A team of archaeologists and epigraphists from the Archaeological Survey of India has unear thed a unique Tamil stone inscription belonging to the 9th Century AD near Karur that for the first time throws light on the matrimonial relationship between the Mutherayar chieftains and Pandya rulers of Madurai.
The team, led by the Assistant Superintending Epigraphist of the ASI, S.Rajavelu, including archaeology and epigraphy enthusiasts K.Balasubramaniam, V.Panneerselvam and S.Alagesan, discovered the inscription at a dilapidated Siva temple atop a rocky outcrop at Veerakanampatti, around 20 km from here on the Karur-Dindigul highway a couple of days back. Known as Eswaran Paarai, it houses the stone built temple dedicated to Lord Siva. It is on the outer portion of the temple that the team discovered the inscription.
Speaking of the find, Dr.Rajavelu says that the Ninth Century inscription proclaims Pandi Perundevi, mother of Pandi Mutherayan Arattavathy Arayan who was the chieftain of the region, constructed the temple in memory of Pandi Mutherayan Sozhiga Arayan, probably a kinsman, and named the shrine "Kaala Eswaram." The inscription also carries the eight "mangala" insignias besides stating that the bequeathing royalty would hold the protector of the charity in high esteem.
"For the first time we have come across a Pandi Mutherayar inscription that states the matrimonial link between the Mutherayars and Pandya rulers especially during the Eighth and Ninth Centuries," observes Dr.Rajavelu. Perhaps the Pandi Perundevi mentioned in the inscriptions could be a Pandya royal lady, he adds.
The Sozhiga Arayan, who was a local chieftain, is also referred to in an inscription discovered by Dr.Rajavelu and his team from a tank at Velliyanai village nearby. That inscription had been assigned to the Sixth Century, Dr.Rajavelu points out.
The dilapidated stone built temple has a square sanctum sanctorum and rectangular muga mandapam. On the Kumudhavari part of the temple a stone inscription belonging to the 12th century is found. A royal order beginning with the words "Konerinmai Kondan…" is also found besides ascribing the name of the deity in the temple as "Thirukundra Thali Udaya Nayanar," observes Dr.Rajavelu. The team also stumbled on a 13th century inscription on a separate pillar at the temple during the field study.
Collection by Mrs. Bhagya Rao
04. Ganga Muttarasas had matrimonial alliances with Cholas
Virarajendra chola's another daughter was given in marriage to the Ganga prince of Kalinga named Rajaraja.
05. Ganga Muttarasas married daughters of Kadamba kings
There are many inscriptions of Gangas of Mysore that speak of a marriage alliance between Kadamba and the Ganga Royal families. Some inscriptions of king Avinita record that he was the son of Kongani Mahadhiraja by the beloved sister of the Kadamba king Krishnavarmma.
Vishnugopa's grandson Madhava III succeeded him, married a Kadamba princess and was a Saivite. He was succeeded by Avinita who ruled in the first half of the sixth century A.D. Kakuthya Varma of Kadamba dynasty gave his daughter in wedding to Madhava III Tandangala (430-469) of Ganga Muttarasa lineage. The very knowledgeable Maharaja ruled his kingdom for forty years. Avinita (469 - 529 CE) was the Western Ganga Dynasty king who ascended the throne after King Madhava III. He was followed to the throne by his son, Durvinita, though Durvinita was not his choice. Durvinita was known as mahadirayan. Maha or Mahadi means Mudi and Mahadirayan means Mudirayan.
Maha => Mahadi = Great = Mudi
Mahadirayan = Mudirayan = Mudiraja
At a later time, Ganga king Sripurusha assumed the title Muttarasa. (529 - 579). The assumption of the simple title of Raja after Madhava III is perhaps an indication of their subordinate position. It seems likely however from the unanimity of the records in respect of the ruler Vishnugopa, that a ruler by name Vishnugopa, did precede Madhava, the last of the name in in the pedigre, whether he was the laters father or grandfather. Harivarma's son Vishnugopa (C.410-430 A. D.) had a quiet, uneventful reign, and was succeeded by Tadangala Madhava (C.430-466 A. D.). Some historians believe that King Madhava III was the brother of King Vishnugopa.
Harivarman, who ruled from c. 435 to 460 AD and was a feudatory of the Pallavas and was succeeded by Vishnugopa who renounced Jainism and embraced Vaishnavism. Harivarman removed his capital to Talakad near shivasamudram on the Kaveri. By the time of Harivarman in 390, the Gangas had consolidated their kingdom with Talakad as their capital. Their move from the early capital Kolar may have been a strategic one with the intention of containing the growing Kadamba power. His grandson Madhava III succeeded him. In about 450 AD, Harivarman Ganga founded the kingdom in Kolar, the dynasty henceforth known as the Gangas. Harivarman Ganga was formally crowned by Simhavarman Pallava.
06. Ganga Muttarasas had matrimonial relations with Western Chalukyas
Politically, the Gangas were feudatories and close allies who also shared matrimonial relations with the Chalukyas. This is attested by inscriptions which describe their joint campaigns against their arch enemy, the Pallavas of Kanchi. Durvimitra married off his daughter into Chalukya dynasty. Durvinita, the Ganga ruler accepted his overlordship and even gave his daughter in marriage to Pulakesin II and she also became the mother of Vikramaditya I.The most important ruler of Chalukya dynasty was Pulakesin II. The Aihole inscription issued by him gives the details of his reign. It seems to have been a regular practice of the Chalukya kings to make political alliances by marriage, and it seems their wives were Saiva
07. Ganga Muttarasas had matrimonial relations with Pandyas of Madhurai
King Sripurusha fought the Pallava King Nandivarman Pallavamalla successfully, bringing Penkulikottai in north Arcot under his control temporarily for which he earned the title Permanadi. A contest with the Pandyas of Madurai over control of Kongu region ended in a Ganga defeat, but a matrimony between a Ganga princess and Rajasimha Pandya's son brought peace helping the Gangas retain control over the contested region. The 771 Salem plates of Sripurusha and the Koramangala grant however indicate the Kongu region remained in Ganga control.
08. Rashtrakuta Amoghavarsha -I gave his daughter Chandrabbalabbe in marriage to Ganga Muttarasa prince Butuga I, son of King Ereganga Neetimarga.
In 753, when the Rashtrakutas replaced the Badami Chalukyas as the dominant force in the Deccan, the Gangas ( Muttarasas) offered stiff resistance for about a century. King Shivamara II ( Madhava Muttarasa) is mostly known for his wars with the Rashtrakuta Dhruva Dharavarsha, his subsequent defeat and imprisonment, his release from prison and eventually his death on the battle field. The Ganga resistance continued through the reign of Rashtrakuta Govinda III and by 819, a Ganga resurgence gained them partial control over Gangavadi under King Rachamalla. Seeing the futility of waging war with the Western Ganga, Rashtrakuta Amoghavarsha I gave his daughter Chandrabbalabbe in marriage to Ganga prince Tribuga( Butuga I), son of King Ereganga Neetimarga. The Gangas thereafter became staunch allies of the Rashtrakutas, a position they maintained till the end of the Rashtrakuta dynasty of Manyakheta.
Due to the resilience of the Gangas, Amoghavarsha Nrupathunga I was forced to follow a conciliatory policy. He married his daughter, Chandrabbalabbe, to the Ganga king Buthuga and another daughter, Revakanimmadi, to the Ganga prince Ereganga. Thus Amoghavarsha I gave away his two daughters in marriage and achieved harmony with the Gangas.
09. Mutharayars are well cultured and civilized community. Some historical evidence shows that mutharayars had close matrimonial relation with cholas and pandyas. Pandyas of medival times were having the epithets varman. It was coming from both mutharayars and pallavas.The Mutharayars only first formed the forts in thanjavur and vallam. From this only cholas changed their capital to thanjai. Mutharayars have been portraited in sangam tamil text NALADIYAR. This may be the only caste which has been portraited in sangam texts. Mutharayars have subsects - Ambalakkarar, servai, servaikkarar, vwttaikkarar, muthuraja etc.
10. The Western Ganga ruler Durvinita ( Ancestor of Sripurusha Muttarasa), who ruled in the later half of 6th cent A.D., had a Chola princess as his Chief Queen. She is called 'the daughter of the family of Karikala Chola, an exemplary Kshatriya, and ruler of Uraiyur'.
11. Sri Vikrama, the grandson of Western Ganga Durvinita and who ruled in the 7th cent a.d., also had a Chola Princess as his Queen who is called 'the daughter of the Chola family of Karikala, who raised embankments on either side of the river Kaveri'. The embankments were raised as the city of Uraiyur was destroyed by the unexpected raising sea waves ( Tsunami )
12. Paranthaha Chola (A.D.907-953) married the daughter of Chera - Mutharaya king Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Amuthan named Arumoli Nangai ruling from west Paluvur of the present Tirutchirappalli in Tamil Nadu bordering Kerala.
Kokolu Anka Rao
Place : Nagpur
Date : 12/10/2009
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