01. K Krishna Swamy Mudiraj
02. DR. Velukutty Arayan
03. Chempil Arayan
04. ChoWti Jagannatha Rao
05. Pandit K.P Kuruppan

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Krishnaswamy Mudiraj was born on august 25, 1894 in Aurangabad and completed his education from the nizam's college, hyderabad. He obtained his higher education in Publishing Technology from Bombay. He was elected four times and served as the municipal councillor for 25 years from the chudi bazar area. In the year 1957, became the fourth mayor of hyderabad and continued up to 1958.In the year 1958, he arranged a great and warm reception to Javaharlal Nehru and Marshal Titu in Hyderabad. His Birthday is celebrated every year on the day of Krishnastami as he was born that festival day. He died in 1967.

The 115th birth anniversary of K. Krishna Swamy Mudiraj, former Mayor of Hyderabad, will be held on August 23 at Mudiraj Bhavan, New Boiguda. Freedom fighter, journalist and historian, Mudiraj is known for the book – Pictorial Hyderabad – authored by him in 1929. Born in a middle class family, Mudiraj became a great educationist of his time. He also emerged as a prominent politician and a freedom fighter. Popularly referred to as “Mudiraj Petamaha”, he was the founder president of Mudiraj Mahasabha. He also established organisation to maintain religious hormony. He was the prime person who worked hard in establishing the Hindi Kanya School in Chudi Bazar, and Reddy Women's College in Narayanaguda. He went round the country, established the all India Mudiraj Mahasabha in 1920 and wrote the history of Mudiraj community by uniting all Mudiraj people. The first Telangana Mudiraj Mahasbha was held during his life time in Hyderabad. He organised movement for establishing Lybraries and started many Lybraries all over Andhra PradeshAs. As a writer, he wrote valuable books on Mudiraj Charitra ( history ) and Gomatha vimochanam. He was very fluent in Telugu, English and Urdu and used to write his articles for News Papers.

Hyderabad : K Krishna swamy mudiraj immortalised hyderabad in his 'pictorial hyderabad'. The book was published in two volumes — the first in the year 1929 and the second in 1934. Mudiraj has dwelt upon the various aspects of charminar, the architecture of the monument, material used for construction, ornamentation, the architect and the ruler who got the monument constructed. His documentation of charminar is mainly pictorial and is adequately supplemented by informative captions. The photographs of the monument range from the early 1800s till the year 1933. The photographs not only depict the charminar from various angles but also capture the various facets of the monument from within, such as the mosque, madarsa as well as its ornamentation. The charminar is shown in various m o o d s and at different times of the day. apart from the pictorial documentation of the monument, mudiraj has also extensively argued about the various reasons for the construction of charminar. He proposed one of the reasons for the construction of the charminar was to attract visitors to the city. It was built at the centre of the city and was a people's monument. He said the importance of the monument could be gauged by the fact that it was constructed where people could have direct access it. Another view given by mudiraj is based more on legend than on fact. Mudiraj, in his book said the inspirational centre piece was built to celebrate the end of a dreadful plague. In 1590 ad, hyderabad came to be blighted by the epidemic in alarming proportions. Quli prayed to allah pleading for pity for his dying people. He knelt at the spot chosen as the centre of the city and vowed to erect a magnificent monument on that very site so all his people may remember and respect allah forever. The tragedy miraculously ended a few days later and quli kept up his promise and constructed the monument.

His two volume Pictorial Hyderabad gives a rare insight into the history of the Hyderabad State, its rulers and administration. It received wide acclaim from both Indian and international press when it was published in 1929. His idea of writing the book was to give an “unvarnished and faithful record” of all that took place during the rule of Asafjahis. Not just the historical and biographical aspects of the erstwhile rulers, nawabs and jagirdars, the book also mentions the interesting accounts of Hindu and Muslim saints. The rare book has been reprinted and is now available for sale with M. Narsimhulu Mudiraj.

Mudiraj known for ‘Pictorial Hyderabad’. Originally published in 1929. Author: K.Krishna Swamy Mudiraj Language: Telugu Keywords: Hyderabad Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. Obscure Press are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.

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Dr. Velukutty Arayan was born to the Arayan fishing community in 1894 in Kerala. Arayan / Arayar is a subaste of Tamil Muthuraja community. A lot of Arayars who revolted against Pandian rule for committing atrocitis on KANNAGI, migrated from Tamil lands to Kerala West Coast during Pandian rule. It is a large orthodox conservative fishing community in Keraka.

At the age of 14, he started a "Reading room" at his place, he grew to become a doctor in medicine, but he was a man who did not forget his roots, his people, he stood up as a free man, he went ahead to become a strong critic in the literary circles, communication was his main tool. At the age of 23, he started the magazine called "Arayan". There are 22 books to his credit. He was a man of strong heritage and culture, and saw no benefit in religious conversion, seeing that all communities had their poor classes still in a deprived state. He is well remembered for his book "Matsya and Matha" meaning "Fish and Religion", the book tries to quote the Hindu scriptures about the fishing culture and thus by doing so he uplifted the Arayan spirit and self-confidence. And through experience, the great doctor for health as well as society's health is remembered for saying:

"One has to shed of the feeling of "my community", organizations working under the banner of community names cannot help the people of the future."

Such was his concrete vision. He is also remembered for his engineering concepts in the areas of drinking water distribution, protection of soil from sea erosion, and in the fisheries department.

Born on 11th March 1894 at Alappat near Karunagapally in Kollam district of Kerala.

Father: Velayudhan Vaidyan
Mother: Velutha Kunjuamma

Dr.Velukutty Arayan is a multifarious genius who marked his foot prints in the history of Kerala. He was a social reformer, scholar, editor, litterateur, scientist, and physician who practiced all branches of medicine. On completion of his primary education, Velukkutty Arayan continued his education in Ayurvedic system of medicine. Before attaining the age of 18 years he secured deep knowledge in Ayurveda, Sanskrit and English. Thereafter, he continued studies in Allopathic system of medicine at Madras. Along with his medical education, he learned oceanic science and law. After obtaining degree in Allopathic medicine, he underwent studies in Homeopathic medicine at the Homeopathic Medical College at Calcutta and graduated with first rank. On his return to the native country he started practice as a doctor. Though he became a doctor, he did not forget his roots, his society and his nation. Being a member of Araya community ( a community inhabit in the coastal region of Kerala whose main occupation is fishing ) Velukutty Arayan dedicated his life for the uplift of the Araya community from its oppressed and exploited positions. It was he who founded a “Reading Room” for the first time in the region and that too at his age of 14 years. In 1936 he established a school at his village that paved path to formal education to the children of his community. He founded several social organizations and trade unions. Araya Vamsa Paripalana Yogam, Samastha Keraleeya Araya Mahajanayogam, Araya Service Society, Akhila Thiruvithamcore Navika Thozhilali Samgham, Thiruvithamcore Mineral Workers Union, Port Workers Union are some of them. He was a front line activist in the independence movement also. Dr.Velukutty Arayan was one of the leaders of the Vaikom Sathyagraha. He established a journal, viz., Arayan in the year 1917 as the mouth-piece of the Kerala society in general and Araya community in particular. He also published a women’s magazine Araya Sthreejana Masika. His literary works spread almost all branches of literature. Kiratharjuneeyam, Onam day, Dheenayaya Damayanthi, Padya Kusumanjali, Sree Chaithra Buddhan, Sathya Geetha, Mathangi, Chirikkunna Kavithakal, Chinthippikkunna Kavithakal, Kerala Geetham, Sooktha Muthu Mala (all poetic works), Bhagya Pareekshakal (Novel), Thiruvithamcore Araya Mahajanayogam (Satirical Novel), Iruttady, Almarattom, Bale Bhesh, Lokadasan (Drama) Matsyavum Mathavum (philosophical thoughts) are a few to mention. Dr.Velukutty Arayan is well remembered for his scientific projects. Land Reclamation Scheme that controls coastal erosion and enrichment of sea shore, projects for diversification of marine products, diversification of coconut products, production of news print from the raw materials available indigenously, invention of certain medicinal formula combining different systems of medicine are some of the outstanding projects. It was Dr.Arayan who organized the first Fisheries Conference in 1949 with a view to evolve sustainable projects and programmes for the development of the coastal region and fishermen folk.

Dr. Velukutty Arayan passed away on 31st May 1969.

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Chempil Arayan who lost his life on December 29, 1808, can be credited as the first freedom fighter of Travancore.

Arayans or Arayars is one of the subcaste of Tamil Muthurajas. The Arayans of Kerala are Mutharasans who long back migrated from Tamil East coast to Kerala West Coast as a consequence of their revolt against Pandya King about 1500 years ago.

Traditionally, the naval armies of both Travancore and Cochin were headed and manned by Arayans, while they along with the Muslim Marikkars formed the naval forces in Malabar. The Arayans of Travancore under Velu Thampi Dalawa and Chempil Arayan rebelled against the British in 1808, which was the first rebellion against the British in Kerala.

Chempil Anantha Padmanabhan Valiya Arayan Kankumaran, known as Chempil Arayan, was the Admiral of the fleet in the service of Avittam Thirunal Balarama Varma, King of Travancore. A member of the Arayan caste, he was born at Chempu, near Vaikom, in Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Chempil Arayan started one of the earliest uprisings against British Colonialism in India during the days of the British East India Company in 1809; among other things he led an attack on Bolghatty Palace, the residence of the then Company Resident, Colin Macaulay. The Resident escaped narrowly with his life, eluding the attackers through an underground tunnel and fleeing in a small boat. The Arayan was later captured, and freed after the payment of a ransom; he died in battle against the forces of the Company.

Chempil Arayan was well known for his naval exploits using the traditional Kerala boat known as the "Odi Vallam".

Rana Marthandan (C.P. Rana) is the great grandson of Chempil Arayan Anantha Padmanabhan Valiya Arayan Kankumaran.The first freedom fighter of travancore.

Kokolu Anka Rao
Date : 27/07/2012

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Chowti Jagannatha Rao served as Deputy Chief Minister in the Cabinet of Bhavanam Venkatram in 1982.He was a member of the Legislative Council for one term and represented Narsapur Assembly constituency in Medakdistrict three times. He was Excise Minister earlier in the Cabinet of T. Anjaiah in 1980. He was also president of Narsapur samithi in 1961.A soft-spoken leader, Jagannatha Rao was in the forefront of separate Telangana agitation in 1969. He was a member of Congress Party. Information provided by sudheer mudiraj, grandson of C. Jagannatha Rao.

Kokolu Anka Rao
Date : 2nd March 2014

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Born on May 24, 1885 at Cheranallur in Ernakulam District. Father: Sri. Ayyan. Mother: Smt.Kochupennu.Karuppan Master belonged to the Dheevara community of Hindu fishermen.

Pandit K.P.Karuppan was a distinguished poet and social reformer who fought against the untouchability, racial discrimination and for the uplift of oppressed class of the society.

Kandathiparambil Paapu Karuppan popularly known as Pandit Karuppan Master or K.P. Karuppan was a crusader against untouchability and other social evils prevalent during his time. For his relentless efforts in uplifting the socially, economically and educationally backward communities, Karuppan Master earned the epithet ‘Lincoln of Kerala’. He became the first human rights activist from the Cochin State. He was also a renowned Sanskrit scholar, poet and dramatist. He used his organizational ability and literary talent to fight against illiteracy, social injustice, casteism and superstitions.

After primary education, he underwent higher studies at the Kodungallur Kovilakom (royal mansion). The Prince of Cochin gave encouragement to him and with his aid Karuppan could study Sanskrit.

He started writing poems at his age of 14 years. He was a teacher in Ernakulam Maharajas College. He was elected to the Cochin Legislative Council in the year 1924. Kerala Varma Valiya Koi Thampuran conferred him the title Vidwan (scholar) and the Prince of Cochin awarded him the title Kavithilakan (great poet). Lankamardanam, Nyshadham (dramas), Bhymeeparinayam, Urvasi (translations), Sakunthalam Vanchippattu, Kavyapedakam (poems), Kairalee Kouthukam, Jalodyanam, Chithralankaram, Rajarajaparvam, Vilapageetham are his works. Jathikummi, a poem written by him describes the suffering and agony of the oppressed people who faced racial discrimination at his times.

He passed on March 23, 1938.

Kokolu Anka Rao
Date : 2nd January 2015

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Our Caste Names & Subcastes : Mudiraj Muthuraj mudhiraj Mudiraja mudhiraja Muthuraja mudduraja muddhuraja mudduraju muddhuraju Mutharacha Mutharasu Mutharasi Mutrasi Mutharayar Mutharaiyar bunt bant bantulu bantlu Aryar Arayar Araiyar Aryan Arayan Araiyan valavan valayar valaiyar Ambalakkarar gounder koli koliyan kolian raju rajulu Bedar Ramoshi Valmiki Tenugu Tenugolu Tenugollu Tenigolu Tenigollu